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ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND EXPERT SYSTEM By Dr Bakare K. A.

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Lecture 0 – Overview of AI

What is AI?

An aspect of Computer Science that helps machines solve problems in  a human-like manner.

  1. Involves borrowing characteristics and behavior of human intelligence, and implement them as algorithms
  2. AI is multi-disciplinary
    1. Linked with Mathematics, Psychology, Cognition, Biology and Philosophy
    2. Knowledge from all these disciplines are combined to create an artificial being

APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

AI is used in:

  1. Web searches,
  2. Web interactions
  • feedback recommendation
  1. Planning and Scheduling
    1. Timetabling
  2. Project management
  3. Medical diagnosis
    1. For example: cancer detection & treatment, HIV treatment
  • Oil prospecting and mining,
  • Crime prevention
    1. Detection of terrorist activities and behaviors,
  1. Computer games (chess, angry birds, connect-4)

Definition of Artificial Intelligence

  • DEFINITION 1: AI is the branch of Computer Science that is concerned with the automation of intelligent behavior
  • DEFINITION 2: AI is a field of study that seeks to explain and emulate intelligent behavior in terms of computational process
  • DEFINITION 3: AI is a part of the Computer Science with designing intelligent computer system.

POSSIBLE GOALS TO PURSUE IN AI

GOAL 1: Systems that think like humans

GOAL 2: Systems that act like humans

GOAL 3: Systems that think rationally

  1. A system is rationally if it does the right thing

GOAL 4: Systems that act rationally

 

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